A Basic Guide to the Norfolk Punt, by Nick Mockridge
The following is a layman’s guide to recognizing Norfolk Punts; it is not for the purist but for those who wish for a basic appreciation for the class.
The Norfolk Punt was derived from the flat-bottomed gun punts that roamed the Broadland waters in the mid to late 1800s. However, at the turn of the 20th Century, in order to get to and from the hunting grounds more efficiently, the punters developed their highly unstable craft to carry a basic mast and sail for travelling with the wind. It is from these humble beginnings that one of the country’s most exciting and powerful racing dinghy classes was born.
The Classic or Traditional Punts (PY 926 to 1059)
The older Punts are still very much in existence today and race in the same fleets as the newer boats. However, due to their rather more antiquated hull designs they compete on a handicap to allow fair racing. Boats designed and built as early as the late 1920s are still regularly seen on the water, with arguably the most successful Punt ever, winning four National Championships in the late 80s and finishing in the top 3 as recently as 2008, dating back to 1935.
Amongst the early designers were such famous sailors as Uffa Fox and Jack Holt, although most successful boats were from the drawing boards of local designers, the most prolific being Herbert Woods, Walter Woods, H.T. Percival and W. F. Mollett. Early boats were generally of clinker construction and varied from 16" to 22", although once in the 1930s pretty much all the designs were 22". Initially gaff rigs were the norm, but as the class entered the 1930s Punt owners adopted Bermudan rigs.
Today many of the early Punts have been lovingly and painstakingly renovated or rebuilt, transformed into varnished works of art. Some have been brought into the 21st Century, sporting carbon spars, trapezes and composite sails atop their beautiful, near-century old clinker hulls. Whatever the owners’ personal choices, these older boats are well loved and still very fast, offering 29er-type speed in a gentleman’s elegant package.
The One-Design Punt (PY 908)
In the eight years immediately after World War 11 only one boat was built, and it became apparent that the post-WW11 economy meant that a new breed of boat needed to be designed, if the class was not to disappear into ignominy. Dick Wyche of Wyche and Coppock designed a 22" boat made of plywood that proved far cheaper to build and far lighter and faster to sail.& This design hustled the class into a new era, with the next 25 boats being built to Dick Wyche’s plans, and with the class incorporating the trapeze in the 1960s and offering a fibreglass alternative in the 70s.
In the late 70s the Wyche and Coppock Punt even had the distinction of being the fastest dinghy in production. To this day, the "hard chine" Punt is a favourite of many, possibly because of its exceptional performance in light to medium conditions, and is still as much in production as ever; of the nine Punts built since 2000, four have been to this design. However, once again owners’ preferences have caused rig configurations vary, from aluminium to carbon spars, single or twin trapezes and symmetric or asymmetric spinnakers.
The Development Years (PY 875 to 984)
After 32 years of design "hiatus", the one-design progression of the class was shattered by the return of development. Andy Wolstenholme’s prototype double-chine design led the charge, showing just how much faster the Punt could be. This was followed by the most numerically popular of the "Progress" designs, coming from the board of the world-renowned dinghy designer, Phil Morrison, whose cold-moulded modern hull proved to be blisteringly fast with a PY rating of 875.
Designs from Fabian Bush, David Horne and Stephen Jones broadened the spectrum and appeal of the class, with hull lengths from 19" to 22" and construction materials as diverse as possible - sheet ply, clinker planks, cold moulded wood, fibreglass, carbon and Kevlar are all to be found throughout the development fleet, and as with the "hard chine" fleet, rig configurations vary, from aluminium to carbon spars, single or twin trapezes and symmetric or asymmetric spinnakers. These "Progress" designs have traveled the length and breadth of the UK to compete in some of the bigger one-off handicap regattas such as the Grafham Grand Prix, the Bloody Mary, etc., and as long as the conditions are appropriate (i.e. no waves!), the boats and the sailors will, and do, acquit themselves favourably against the mainstream competition.
There is little doubt that the Punt Class will continue to develop within the confines of its rules, as personal preferences and trends continue to dictate the latest thinking. In a nation currently dominated by the big manufacturers and one-design fleets (9er, RS, Laser, Topper, etc.), the Norfolk Punt has held its own due to it’s unique combination of choice; choice of design, manufacturer, construction materials and rig. Its flat-water performance coupled with its surprisingly forgiving nature are second to none.
For a thorough history of the class, including information on designs and designers, class anecdotes, racing information, key Punt members throughout the years and a plethora of excellent photos, you could do no better than to read the book Norfolk Punts, 1926 - 2006 by Jamie Campbell, published by Hamilton Publications and available through your local bookshop or chandlery.